Secondary navigation

Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Act 2009

Type of Bill:
Government Bill
Lord West of Spithead
Home Office
Jacqui Smith
Home Office

Progress of the Bill

Bill started in the House of Lords

  1. House of Lords
    1. 1st reading
    2. 2nd reading
    3. Committee stage
    4. Report stage
    5. 3rd reading
  2. House of Commons
    1. 1st reading
    2. 2nd reading
    3. Committee stage
    4. Report stage
    5. 3rd reading
  3. Consideration of Amendments
  4. Royal Assent

Act of Parliament

House Act Date
Commons Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Act 2009 c.11 | PDF version, 315KB 21.07.2009

Latest news on the Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Act 2009

Following agreement by both Houses on the text of the Bill it received Royal Assent on 21 July. The Bill is now an Act of Parliament.

Summary of the Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Act 2009

The Bill is the latest to seek to amend the law on immigration, asylum and nationality.  It includes the citizenship and child protection aspects of the Draft (Partial) Immigration and Citizenship Bill which was published for consultation in July 2008. It incorporates aspects of other consultation exercises on the Common Travel Area (the UK, the Channel Islands, the Isle of Man and the Republic of Ireland), and on immigration appeals.  

Key areas  

  • Allows for certain functions to be transferred from HM Revenue & Customs to officials of the recently created UK Border Agency. The customs role of the UK Border Agency will focus on border-related matters, while HM Revenue & Customs will retain responsibility for revenue and customs functions inland
  • Implements the Government's proposals for a new 'path to citizenship' by amending provisions of the British Nationality Act 1981 relating to naturalisation as a British citizen. Other amendments relate to the children of foreign and Commonwealth members of the armed forces and to the registration as British citizens of children born abroad to British mothers before 7 February 1961
  • Introduces powers to control all those arriving in the UK from another part of the Common Travel Area. Other changes relate to restrictions on studying in the UK, powers to take fingerprints, and detention at ports in Scotland
  • Allows judicial review applications in immigration and nationality cases to be heard by the new Upper Tribunal instead of the High Court
  • Introduces a new duty on the UK Border Agency to safeguard the welfare of children.
A further draft Immigration Bill, implementing the rest of the Government's proposals, is expected in the autumn.

Stay up to date

Keep up to date with the progress of Bills going through Parliament. Sign up for email alerts or use our RSS feeds.

Related information

Guide to the passage of a Bill

Find out what happens at each stage of a Public Bill’s journey through Parliament with the Passage of a Bill guide.

When does a Bill become law?

Explanation of what happens after Bills have been passed, and when laws may change.

Human rights

Do you have expertise or a special interest in human rights? The Joint Committee on Human Rights scrutinises the human rights implications of Government Bills.